Lithograph of Mac Mahon, Duke of Magenta


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Edme Patrice Maurice de Mac Mahon

Having distinguished himself in the Crimean War, Edme Patrice Maurice de Mac Mahon (1808 – 1893) was sent by Napoleon III to head the II French Army Corps fighting in northern Italy in support of the Piedmontese troops in the 2nd War of Independence. On 4 June 1859, he led the Franco-Sardinian operation against the Austrians at Magenta, winning a major victory which enabled the French and Piedmontese forces to enter Milan.